Portuguese Colonies

A place to discuss censored mail from World War II

Portuguese Colonies

Postby dannmayo » Mon Mar 18, 2019 11:39 am

Another area that pops up on eBay from time to time and for which I have no decent reference, includes Portual's Atlantic possessions: Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands. Wolter is pathetic in this area, and I know of no other literature. Can anyone point me to a decent article or book?

Image

If there isn't a decent treatment of civil censorship in these areas, perhaps we should compile one.
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby jmgarcar » Thu Mar 28, 2019 5:59 pm

Hi Dann

This is a very interesting area but, as far as I know, there is no reference publications.....but Mr Joaquim Sousa Lobo made a great job online :D

Please, check out these 5 links.

http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 7&Itemid=3
http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 8&Itemid=3
http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 9&Itemid=3
http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 0&Itemid=3
http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 1&Itemid=3

Unfortunately, the author does not deal with censorship in Cabo Verde Islands during WWII, but in the same website you can find a very interesting article about censorship in Cabo Verde Islands and Portuguese Guinea during WWI

http://www.cfportugal.pt/index.php?opti ... 9&Itemid=3

Best regards
José M.
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby LuzA » Sat Apr 06, 2019 9:16 pm

dannmayo wrote:[...]
Can anyone point me to a decent article or book?
[...]


Good evening,

Dear dannmayo,

Yes, there are several studies about WWII published at least from 1977 to 2010.
Here it is one list with 23 of them - chronological order of appearance and language of the title. Organized by Date/Author.

MAGALHÃES, A. Guedes de (1977). "O Serviço Postal Militar na 2ª Guerra Mundial". In Franquia #29, Junho de 1977. Pages 10-13.

MAGALHÃES, A. Guedes de (1977). "O Serviço Postal Militar na 2ª Guerra Mundial". In Franquia #30, Julho de 1977. Pages 11-13.

MAGALHÃES, A. Guedes de (1977). "O Serviço Postal Militar na 2ª Guerra Mundial". In Franquia #31, Setembro de 1977. Pages 15-18.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++

DAEHNHARDT, Rainer (1986). "O Serviço Postal Americano nos Açores". In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #336, Junho de 1986. Pages 3-9.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++


LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1990). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago da Madeira Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #4, Julho de 1990. Pages 21-23.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1990). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #5, Outubro de 1990. Pages 14-17.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #6, Janeiro de 1991. Pages 14-16.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #7, Março de 1991. Pages 14-16.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #8, Maio de 1991. Pages 9-11.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #9, Julho de 1991. Pages 14-16.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #10, Outubro de 1991. Page 10.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1992). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #11, Janeiro de 1992. Pages 14-15+22.

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1991). "Tópicos de História Postal. A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial". in O Timbre #12, Março de 1992. Pages 17-18.

++++++++++++++++++++++++

LOBO, Joaquim de Sousa (1992). A Censura Militar nos Arquipélagos da Madeira e dos Açores Durante a II Guerra Mundial. S.L.: Edições O Timbre. 33 pages. It is the same study that was published in the magazine O Timbre from #4 to #12.

++++++++++++++++++++++++

GARRARD, W. (SD). "Postal History of Individual Countries. Azores" in History of the RAF Postal Service Overseas 1942-1957. Volume I. Chavril Press. Pages 17-18.

++++++++++++++++++++++++

SILVEIRA, Cap. F. Lemos da (2002). ""The Portuguese Connection"... O Serviço Postal da USAF na Base das Lajes"". In A Filatelia Portuguesa #110, Outubro de 2002. Page 25.

SILVEIRA, Cap. F. Lemos da (2002). ""The Portuguese Connection"... O Serviço Postal da RAF na Base das Lajes (1939-1945"". In Catálogo Exposição Filatélica Inter-Regional Porto 93 / Invicta 93. Pages 31-37.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++

LOBO, Joaquim Sousa (2005). “A Censura Militar nas Ilhas Durante a 2ª Guerra Mundial”. In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #407, Março de 2005. Pages 34-37. [Desenhos de Eduardo Silva].

LOBO, Joaquim Sousa (2005). “A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a 2ª Grande Guerra Parte II”. In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #408, Junho de 2005. Pages 28-32. [Desenhos de Eduardo Silva].

LOBO, Joaquim Sousa (2005). “A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a 2ª Grande Guerra Parte III”. In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #409, Setembro de 2005. Pages 50-56. [Desenhos de Eduardo Silva].

LOBO, Joaquim Sousa (2005). “A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a 2ª Grande Guerra Parte IV”. In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #410, Setembro de 2005. Pages 72-75. [Desenhos de Eduardo Silva].

LOBO, Joaquim Sousa (2005). “A Censura Militar no Arquipélago dos Açores Durante a 2ª Grande Guerra Parte V (Última Parte)”. In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #411, Março de 2006. Pages 29-38. [Desenhos de Eduardo Silva].

+++++++++++++++++++++++++

FERNANDES, Luís Manuel S. (2010). "Açores. Operação Alacrity". In Boletim do Clube Filatélico de Portugal #429, Setembro de 2010. Pages 273-279.


BALANCE - 6 authors with 22 articles plus 1 small book.

AZORES - BRITISH POST OFFICE - Garrard (1) and Silveira (1)

AZORES - AMERICAN POST OFFICE - Daehnhardt (1), Fernandes (1) and Silveira(1)

MADEIRA/AZORES - Lobo (15) and Magalhães (2) - June and July 1977. The Lobo last editions are those ones published in 2005 and 2006.

CAPE VERT - Magalhães (1) - September 1977
LuzA
Postal history and philatelic literature
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby dannmayo » Sat Apr 06, 2019 10:08 pm

Hi Luz,

Many thanks for that list. I really do appr3eciate it.

he fact that we have always been a British/US-centric group has resulted in our not giving much of the rest of the world its due. Perhaps we can follow on from this significant make this significant step in broadening our coverage.

Dann
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby LuzA » Sat Jun 29, 2019 7:15 pm

dannmayo wrote:Another area that pops up on eBay from time to time and for which I have no decent reference, includes Portual's Atlantic possessions: Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands. [...]


Good afternoon,

Dear dannmayo,

Is it possible to see the back of the cover quoted above?

Thank you in advance,
LuzA
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby dannmayo » Sat Jun 29, 2019 7:33 pm

Hi Luz,

This was an image that I captured from eBay. Turns out I had not capured the reverse, but have now done so:

Dann

Image
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby LuzA » Sun Jun 30, 2019 1:23 am

Good evening,

Dear dannmayo,

Here we have an explanation for this letter.

1 - Surface letter sent from Cape Vert islands to USA. Sender address - Achada ?? (1)

1.1 - No postage rate prepaid. Postmark T (2) meaning that de sender did not pay the prepaid postage rate - 1$75 to 20g (3)

2 - Censor cachet - M. C. / C. M. P. T. / Cabo Verde / 3 applied in Cape Vert islands meaning Ministério das Colónias / Censura Militar Postal e Telegráfica (4)

3 - Censor label dark rose/Cabo Verde - Aberto pela Censura Militar Cabo Verde (5)

4 - Flamme with datestamp 14.1.45 - on transit VIA Lisbon (european notation of calendar)

5 - Censorship label - 5134 USA. New York (6)

6 - Postage due stamp - 10c (7)


NOTES (With sources and bibliography as quoted above)

(1) - Achada [de Igreja]?; Achada [de Santo António]?; ?? (Writen on back of the cover)

(2) - Postmark T - Universal Postal Union Convention , Detailed Regulation, Art. 145, 1.

(3) - Postage rate - 1$75 to 20g - acc. to Wawrukievicz and Beecher (1996:286). U.S. International Postal Rates, 1872-1976

(4) - Magalhães (Setembro 1977:18).

(5) - Ditto (4)

(6) - Broderick and Dann Mayo (1980:31). Civil Censorship in the United States During Worl War II

(7) - Acc. Universal Postal Union Convention, Buenos Aires, 1939. Title 3, Article 36 - Charges on unprepaid "...double the amount of the missing postage...".
This means 1$75=5c
5c X 2 = 10c. with an USA 10c. postage due pre-obliterated(?) stamp.
LuzA
Postal history and philatelic literature
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Re: Portuguese Colonies

Postby LuzA » Sun Jun 30, 2019 5:36 pm

ADDITION to my last post

Dear dannmayo,

Reading the back of the cover... I saw what seems to be ACHADA Luz(?) as a sender address.

Let's see what the "sources" said for this:

1 - Post offices - none inside the 1940 official checklist.

2 - Place names - acc. to the following 1952 chorographic dictionary:
Dicionário Corográfico do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde, by Álvaro Lereno, issued by [the offical office] Agência Geral do Ultramar

13 pages with more than 200 place names ACHADA xyz (where xyz is the surname)
As a reference in page 21 there are 17, in page 22 there are 26... in page 32 there are 23...etc.

Here we have those ones belonging to the civil parish N. S. da Luz - they are 7.
N. S. means Nossa Senhora - Our Lady in English.


NOMENCLATURE USED HERE
NAME of place or region - Island / Council / Civil parish

ACHADA BAIXO - Maio / Maio / N. S. da Luz
ACHADA BALACUSTA (Achada Vale da Custa) - S. Tiago / Praia / N. S. da Luz (region)
ACHADA BALEIA - S. Tiago / Praia / N. S. da Luz (region)
ACHADA CATIVO - S. Tiago / Praia / N. S. da Luz
ACHADA DOCE - Maio / Maio / N. S. da Luz
ACHADA LAMA - S. Tiago / Praia / N. S. da Luz (region)
ACHADA PORTAL - S. Tiago / Praia / N. S. da Luz (region)
LuzA
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